TRADITIONAL KODOKAN JUDO AND SPORT JUDO
By: Nestor Figueroa, Sinchijudokan Institute Copyright, point source and autor ——————————————————-
These current times are times of great confusion in many aspects of daily life; sport is not alien to these biases own interpretations and different attitudes of humans when they perform some activity. Interpetaciones especially affecting the younger generations, so that certain canons, or patterns or foundations are often lost generationally, distorting them and losing them in time.
In that sense, what we see about the performance of modern Judo, who has not made modern in its concept and fundamentals, but rather in their practice and sporting regulations. It is therefore appropriate to clarify certain differences of classification for Judo, today we talk about Deportivo Judo or Competition, and Kodokan Judo or classic or traditional.
- Sport Judo and competition
On the IJF web site find this statement about Judo “Judo is a tremendous and dynamic combat sport that demands both physical prowess and great mental discipline. From a standing position, it is applying techniques that allow you to lift and throw their opponents on their backs. On the floor, it includes techniques that allow you to hold your opponents down on the ground, controlling, and applying various bottlenecks or levers into submission “. http://www.intjudo.eu/Judo_Corner
From the experiences observed so far, we can say that Judo Competition or Sport Judo has the following characteristics:
- It is the Olympic discipline practiced under certain rules of competition, categories and weights, which regulates the development in tournaments sanctioned by the International Judo Federation, its 5 continental bodies, and about 200 federations in the world .
- The competition Judo has its own classification techniques regulated by the International Judo Federation. Classification grouping in a total of about 96 wazas which were revised in June / 03/1998. His approach taxonomy apparently looks similar to Kodokan regarding the names of the sub categories.
- Judo as a sport in recent decades, has gradually away from the fundamentals of traditional Judo, to make it a discipline of brute force and technical poverty and values.
- On the objectives of Judo sport dominated by selfish, violent, economic interest, acrobatic movements, modification techniques, competitive spirit and winning medals, and not the quality of sport or teaching values, nor the personal development of the individual, or the mastery of the waza.
- In this sport denaturation of tricks and contortions, use of brute force as a mechanism to bring down the opponent, the IJF has issued perhaps with good sense and concern, successive changes in the arbitration rules and the rules of competition, in order to avoid injury to competitors; however, this does not remove the characteristics observed in judo tournaments IJF, such as predominance of brute force, violence, power struggles.
- The Judo competition or sport, has narrowed, it has become increasingly reduced; so much so that in competitions athletes employ very few techniques as part of their quorum or background knowledge to gain their powers. Often movements that do not resemble the techniques of classification of wazas, without the referees have a discriminating judgment or discernment to maintain the purity of Judo apply.
- In practice and teaching of Judo sports are not considered the following areas: History, Label, Nage waza waza Katame, Shimmeisho not waza, Gokyo not waza, Kata, Katsu, the Kiusho, the Atemi waza, Shiatsu , Bushido, Reigishiki, Randori, Shiai, with emphasis on fundamentals and principos or Kihon. That is, the sports Judo is a distortion or Kodokan Judo genuine.
On the other hand, each club, institution, association or school is free to take into account the principles and concepts of Judo, both for the system IJF Judo sport competition; for example, in the sport of Judo (FIJ), standards for ranges are based on knowledge, ability, and experience demonstrated by the judoka in the field of skills. However, there are other important areas to be considered in the development of the career of a judoka, each of these other areas must have a weight in the total experience of judoka.
Evaluation methods also vary in each institution, but there is a widespread feeling in the world of Judo competition, to grant participation in competitions weight and a privileged score on other attributes or factors considered less important, as a requirement for promotions in rank and degrees. In this sense it can happen that a judoka spends more time required to the same degree, simply because of their age, dedication, or his physical condition no longer allowed to be active in competitions. Even though it may be very clever. On the other hand, this demonstrated that the competitions are an important complement and experience in the career of judoka, but they do not necessarily comprehensive sports mastery and maturity in Judo, and extensive knowledge of the techniques.
Wherever the sport Judo ?, will not know exactly, but much must be said of the quality of some arbitrations, limited mobility in the tatami referees during competition, rather they should imitate the arbiters of boxing. We not want to deal here, the struggles and perpetuations of power in the leadership of the federations, unproductive travel from many delegations. In short, the world knows Deportivo Judo and its future.
“Judo evolved to its present form through the valuation of reason and the development of pure technique, and is highly regarded nationally and internationally as the most effective self-discipline, physical and spiritual method. Judo contributes to the prosperity of the people, the development of peace and welfare of the world “……. Kyuzo Mifune
- Traditional Judo, Classic or Kodokan Judo
The traditional, classic or Kodokan Judo is defined by the Kodokan Judo Institute in Tokyo, Japan, as a martial art founded in 1882 by Jigoro Kano, is a discipline adapted from some schools of Jujutsu.
It is a historical fact that the Kodokan Institute was established as a school sport for recreation and training of the person, and not exclusive competitive nature, but rather comprehensive training, physical, mental, spiritual, contributing to social improvement.
The Kodokan Judo has always been more than a sport, in this sense the Kodokan Institute remains counselor and guide pedagogy, strongly promoting complete teaching of Judo Kodokan, that is a traditional comprehensive Judo or classic, which is above the narrow world of Sport Judo.
This kind of comprehensive Judo is taught in Japan, and elsewhere where you have the vocation of the sport is at the service of both mental, psychological, physical and spiritual human development; Kodokan excellent instructors have come to spread the world what really is the Kodokan Judo since Jigoro Kano and promote him.
Traditional Kodokan Judo is the practice of Judo Kodokan as described in the Judo text Kodokan by Professor Jigoro Kano, without the overwhelming emphasis and dispute given the current Judo as a sport competition, which is distorting the precepts or values of “prosperity and mutual aid” and “maximum efficiency with minimum effort”.
As well as the knowledge, skills and a way of living based on the principles taught by its founder Shihan Kano. Which it is the body and doctrine of complete knowledge of Ju flexibility, and Do road, way. In that achievement it is reached by yielding to the force, a flexible manner.
Under this brief and introductory characterization of the current Judo, in order to locate the Judo Kodokan in this context of modern Budo or Gendai Budo, we visualize academic and pragmatic aspects for a Pedagogy of development of Judo, academic function that should be considered by the clubs Judo and institutions, as institutional vision and fundamental objective.
The whole and traditional Judo regulated by the educational parent institution of Judo in the world, the Kodokan Institute in Tokyo, teaches and promotes History, Reigishoho, Nage waza, Katame waza, Shimmeisho not waza, Gokyo not waza, Kata, Katsu, Atemi waza, Shiatsu, Kyusho, Bushido, Randori, Shiai, with emphasis on the basics or Kihon; knowledge, skills and a way of living based on the principles taught by its founder Professor Kano, Maximum Efficiency with Minimum Effort and Mutual Benefit.
This system Genuine Judo is promoted by renowned independent organizations that promote traditional Kodokan Judo in the world, such as: The Kodokan Institute in Tokyo, International Martial Arts Federation Japan IMAF, Dai Nippon Butoku Kai Japan, International Budo University Japan, Nippon Budokan Japan, Kano Society UK, US International Traditional Kodokan Judo, Martial Arts International Federation US, Shudokan US Martial Arts Association, United States Martial Arts Association US, and other organizations more.
To Jigoro Kano Shihan, Judo is a scenario that is expressed and is taken from the trilogy of this vision of the old way Bujutsu or Budo, which starts from the Edo period of 1600, described the foundation:
- a) As art: because it is a discipline that leads to self-realization and true expression of feeling and artistic conception, beauty, harmony, style, through the techniques, knowledge of the art of combat and strategy bujutsu, the Shobu.
- b) As Science: because the study of this discipline involves observing various laws of nature, like gravity, friction, moments, forces, speed, geometry movement biomechanics, to apply as physical culture. This can be seen in the development of the physical abilities of flexibility, endurance, speed, power, Rentaiho.
- c) As philosophy: that is the development of purpose, acquiring skills that foster harmonious personality, cultivate the spirit, mind control and discipline of behavior, through doing Judo a way of living daily. Knowledge of moral values, good manners, to apply as Bushido, the Sushinho.
- Foundations of Judo
Fundamentals are the foundation, doctrine, the principles of a martial art discipline or Ryuha, in that sense, we believe that should be considered certain basic premises for the Judo is focused with effective didactic sense, it must be described under some pedagogical structuring and situational, as we see in this area. Thus, the concept of Kihon refers to the principles, fundamentals of a discipline in martial arts. In the case of Judo, talk about Judo Kihon, to understand how the set of fundamentals and principles that we believe should be considered as basic prerequisites for that Judo is focused with effective didactic sense, it must be described under certain pedagogical and situational structuring, which Understand:
a) History of Judo
b) Philosophy Judo:
b1. Doctrine and Foundation, b2. Reishiki, Dojo Etiquette, b3. Bushido, Values
c) Natural Phenomena in the Principles of Judo:
c1. Waves, c2. Wind, c3. Spherical bodies, c4. Movements of Astros,
c5. Hardness and ductility Corps
d) Biomechanics of Judo:
d1. Fundamentals of Waza or technique, d2. Fundamentals of Movements (Dosa)
e) Strategy Shiai:
e1. Principles of Combat, e2. System Attack, Defense and Counterattack,
e3. Movement efficiency and performance optimization technical or Waza
e4. Combat stratagems
When we talk about Kihon Dosa it refers exclusively to the movements and exercises technique, as applied to certain styles of Karate and Aikido (Yoshinkan). Dosa means movement, as discussed for example in Dynamics Aikido master Gozo Shioda.
In that sense, the Dosa teaches the positions, angles, positions of members, movements, rhythms, and parts of a technique, it improves the quality and efficiency of the movements, but this study does not cover or contains principles, properties, characteristics, and foundations of the discipline as a whole, and containing the principles of proper movement techniques, a concept that is also related to the biomechanics of discipline.
It does not believe in traditional Judo efficiency, biomechanics of movement and waza, refinement and automation of the movements are not looking; that is the process toward mastery in a discipline, which involves the holding of purity, the foundations and principles of the discipline.
Under the modern concept of Pedagogy and Biomechanics of Kodokan Judo, Judo is not brute force, violence or sports, not wrestling with Judo rules. Judo is art and intelligence in the decomposition of movement and displacement. Judo is efficiency and automation technology. Kodokan Judo is optimization technique in: distance, pace, blocking, flexibility, adaptability, speed, reaction, leadership, direction, angle, time, coupling, balance, balance, explosion, travel, translation, rotation, resistance.
Judo viewed as an institutionalized for competitions of high performance system must necessarily be organized, have purposes, and essentially operate and be managed efficiently as a system, and that the model of this structure has mechanisms that are components of a system or model to develop the sport, but without losing their essence. Around which many logistical and administrative factors unfold; which they are implemented through organizations, management, standards, regulations; financial budgets, legal regulations, government policies; structure and policies of the national sport, image to the world, and rules of the sport.
As technology, resources, athletes, officials, coaches and media journalism all these factors make up what amounts to Judo and sports system, as in any other sport competition practiced in any nation in the world.
The competitive sport of high performance, models a policy of seeking immediate, relative momentary successes, based on certain purposes:
a) To participate in the largest number of competitions possible, without setting goals or programs of significance in the sports social aspect.
b) To obtain the largest number of international medals, usually as a frame informality in the process and the economic interests of the federations.
c) The classification or selectivity for important competitions, often lack requirements, or minimum standards for participation marks, it is in many national teams.
Instead, there is another approach, which is not managed or run in the sports Judo high performance, and is the one that should aim to achieve achievements and search for Mediate, permanent purposes, a large futuristic development spectrum, such as the following purposes:
a) Increase the number of active judokas in the system, as part of a harmonious planning, allowing for a large selectivity in important competitions (sports social massification) mass.
b) Increase the number of participants per tournament judokas and region, as part of increasing decentralized social participation, which includes the increase in clubs and leagues (structural mass sports).
c) Increase the number of quality and complexity of tournaments held annually, whether local, regional, or national level, as part of a process of mass participation, and with minimum performance standards for athletes and teams.
Strategic purposes that line the second criterion, are more labor intensive to obtain, but also more stable and permanent, and certainly of greater importance for the consolidation of sport as an agent of social development; In other words, a development strategy should not aim or defined in terms of medals exclusively, because that would grow in individualities, but not develop the social benefit. It would be advisable to work depending on the development of sport Judo, but forming a new generation of instructors-educators who can teach fundamentals, Kihon, principles that lead us to not divert Judo, without losing the development of physical and technical skills competition there must be a balance, a balance.
However, the promotion of sports recreational activity in childhood and youth, also contributes successfully to bring people and potential athletes to practice high performance sport, shoals talent hotbeds for the future; always oriented to contribute to improving the quality of life, create a culture of peace and human development through Judo as a social sport, without breaking their first principles that lead to the ultimate goal of Judo.
The work of Kano Shihan concerning the foundation and structure a systemic theory of Judo were unfortunately not completed, there is still a concept and a reality floating in the air about what really is the Judo, nature, tools, objectives, methodologies , purpose, vision, etc. Which the powerful world of competition and distorts away from fundamental social values that build and develop human beings in their relationship with the environment. This wonderful thought, will and action of the master Kano, reflects his humanistic vision about Judo. Under this criterion could not be thought that Judo is exclusively competition, medals, tournaments, dirigenciales disputes, marketing, interests epitomized.
“Judo is the way to use the power of body and mind more efficiently. This practice of attack and defense by the constant training, it means the cultivation of the body and the human mind and the embodiment of that spirit in oneself. Thus, one personality and contributes improves the world. This is the ultimate goal of Judo “…. Jigoro Kano.